Validity of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) in Pakistani hospitalized acutely unwell elderly patients.

Authors

  • Noohela Khan 6 Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore
  • Khadija Tahir Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore
  • Nayyab Shabbir Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore
  • Mobina Shaukat Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore
  • Hira Abbas Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore
  • Shahid Ali Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore

Keywords:

PG-SGA, EQ-5D, hospital length of stay, weight loss, anthropometric measures.

Abstract

Background and objective: This study was conducted to validate the MUST tool among acutely ill elderly patients while using PG-SGA as a reference.

Methods and Study Design: One hundred and twenty patients were selected for this research, and all were above 50 years of age. MUST score, PG-SGA score, Weight loss >5% in last 3-6 months, hand grip strength, TSF thickness, MUAC, and MAMC were determined. For the validation of MUST in contrast to PG-SGA, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were scored.

Results: MUST score when compared with PG-SGA score gives the sensitivity of 38.46% and specificity of 100%. Whereas, the positive and negative predictive values were 100% and 4%, respectively.

Conclusion: This research concludes that the MUST is a reliable tool to screen the malnourished patients rather than PG-SGA. Significant weight loss can also be used as a valid predictor as compared to MUST, for predicting malnutrition. However, this requires further research to verify since a single tool is easier to use than an instrument consisting of two or more components.

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Published

2023-09-25

How to Cite

Noohela Khan, Khadija Tahir, Nayyab Shabbir, Mobina Shaukat, Hira Abbas, & Shahid Ali. (2023). Validity of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) in Pakistani hospitalized acutely unwell elderly patients. Yashfeen Journal of Health Innovation and Practice, 2(01), 80–90. Retrieved from http://yjhip.com/index.php/Journal/article/view/9